Unraveling the Causes and Treatment of Headaches Behind the Eyes


Headaches are a common ailment that can manifest in various forms, with one distinctive type being headaches located behind the eyes. Understanding the causes of headaches behind the eyes is crucial for effective treatment and management. In this article, we will explore the diverse factors contributing to this type of headache and discuss potential treatment approaches to alleviate discomfort.

Causes of Headaches Behind the Eyes:

Tension-Type Headaches:

Tension-type headaches are often linked to stress and muscle tension. The constant pressure or tightness associated with these headaches can be felt behind the eyes.


Migraines are characterized by throbbing pain, commonly on one side of the head. However, the pain can extend behind the eyes. Migraines may also be accompanied by sensitivity to light, sound, and nausea.


Inflammation or infection of the sinuses can lead to headaches felt behind the eyes. Sinus headaches often coincide with other symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial tenderness, and discharge.

Eye Strain:

Prolonged activities that strain the eyes, such as reading or prolonged screen time, can result in eye strain. This discomfort can manifest as headaches behind the eyes.

Cluster Headaches:

Cluster headaches are intense and typically occur in clusters or cycles. The pain is concentrated around one eye and can radiate to the forehead or temple.

Eye Problems:

Refractive errors, such as uncorrected vision or changes in vision, may contribute to headaches behind the eyes.


Increased intraocular pressure in conditions like glaucoma can lead to headaches, often felt around or behind the eyes.


Inadequate fluid intake can cause dehydration, disrupting electrolyte balance and triggering headaches behind the eyes.

Neck or Upper Back Issues:

Poor posture, tension, or muscle stiffness in the neck and upper back can contribute to headaches, including those felt behind the eyes.

Cervicogenic Headaches:

Originating from issues in the neck or cervical spine, cervicogenic headaches can cause pain that radiates to the back of the head and behind the eyes.

Treatment Approaches for Headaches Behind the Eyes:

Understanding the underlying cause is essential for tailoring an effective treatment plan. Here are various treatment approaches for headaches behind the eyes:

Pain Medications:

Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help alleviate the pain associated with tension-type headaches or migraines.

Prescription Medications:

For migraines, prescription medications like triptans may be recommended to specifically target and alleviate symptoms.

Preventive Medications:

For chronic headaches, especially migraines or cluster headaches, preventive medications may be prescribed to reduce the frequency and severity of attacks.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Identifying and addressing triggers, including stress management, regular sleep, and a consistent daily routine, can significantly reduce the occurrence of headaches.

Eye Care:

Regular eye examinations and correcting refractive errors with prescription glasses can address headaches related to eye strain.

Sinusitis Treatment:

If sinusitis is the cause, treatment may involve addressing the underlying infection or inflammation, often with the use of antibiotics or other sinus medications.

Physical Therapy:

Physical therapy can be beneficial for headaches stemming from neck or upper back issues. Targeted exercises and stretches can improve posture and alleviate muscle tension.


Ensuring proper hydration by drinking an adequate amount of water can prevent dehydration-related headaches.

Relaxation Techniques:

Practices such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga can help manage stress and reduce tension, potentially preventing tension-type headaches.

Cervical Spine Interventions:

In cases of cervicogenic headaches, interventions such as physical therapy, chiropractic care, or injections targeting the cervical spine may be beneficial.

Headaches behind the eyes can arise from a variety of causes, ranging from tension and migraines to eye strain and sinusitis. The key to effective treatment lies in understanding the specific factors contributing to the headaches and implementing a tailored approach.

If you are experiencing persistent or severe headaches, it is essential to seek professional medical advice. A neurologist or headache specialist can provide a thorough evaluation and develop a personalized treatment plan based on your specific symptoms and triggers.

We want the best for your brain and spine health here at the Bindal Clinics in Meerut.

Schedule a consultation to discuss more about the head pain treatment with the best neurologist doctor in Delhi and Meerut, Dr. Amit Bindal, who has more than 15 years of expertise in the field of neurology at affordable prices.